Q194: During verbal disputes, some
people unfortunately employ words in a non-serious manner that
imply disbelief in Allah (s.w.t.) or articulate that which is
inappropriate for the infallible ones (a.s.). Is it obligatory
to impose a penalty (hadd) on them for that?
A: As long as they are not serious and
do not mean what they are saying, there is no shar'i
penalty on them but they are deserving of ta'zir.
(FM, p. 419)
Q195: If they are serious and intend
to slander Allah (s.w.t.), the Prophet (S), the Imams (a.s.),
religion or school of law (madhhab) and persist
A: The ruling upon them is death. (FM,
Q196: Is it permissible to gossip about
a deviant (mukhalif) Muslim?
A: It is preferable to refrain from gossiping
about him. (MMS, p. 21, Q32)
Stealing, Cheating and Deceiving
Q197: Is it permissible for a Muslim
to steal from the unbelievers in their country [Europe] or to
deceive them in taking their properties by employing means that
are known to them (the unbelievers)?
A: It is not permissible to steal from
their private and public properties, and likewise to damage or
destroy them (properties), if this tarnishes the reputation of
Islam and Muslims in general. Similarly, it is not permissible
even if it is not as such, but considered a deception and breach
of an implied trust given to them (the unbelievers) on entry or
on reception of a residency permit for their (the unbelievers)
country, since the prohibition of deception and breach of trust
is with regard to anyone. (MMS, p. 24, Q39)
Q198: Is it permissible for a Muslim
to provide incorrect information to government agencies in Europe
to obtain through legal channels privileges and financial or non-financial
A: That is not permissible for it constitutes
lying and for whatever has been mentioned, there is no justification
for that. (MMS, pp. 24-25, Q42)
Q199: Is it permissible to cheat on
school exams if some of the teachers help the students in doing
A: This is not permissible. (FM, p. 434)
Q200: What is the ruling on saying
"salam" or replying to it with respect
to the People of the Book, or others amongst the unbelievers?
Is it permissible to congratulate them on some of their special
occasions like Christmas and the like?
A: There is no objection to commencing
with "salam" to them, but it is discouraged
(makruh) except when necessary, even if it is customary.
Their "salam" should be replied by saying
"'alayk." There is no objection to congratulating
them on special occasions. (MMS, pp. 31-32, Q63)